One of the common career dreams among children is to become lawyers; the people who are never scared or intimidated by the numerous people watching them as they try to prove their clients’ innocence by relentlessly poking holes intheir accusers’ shreds of evidence or uphold that their clients’ accusation is true by providing evidence that supports their course. Their fluency in the official language of whatever country they operate in and their impeccable fashion sense make them admirably watched whenever they appear to perform their duties according to their profession. The prestige associated with the law profession as a law upholding citizen and member of the society; virtues many parents impress on their wards as very important also play a vital role in our admiration for the craft. We, however, did not notice that so many lawyers are different in what they do.
Yes, they’re all lawyers, they speak for or against a client in front of a judge, but they do not essentially do the same thing. Take the law profession as the academic profession. In your high school, for instance, there are teachers but they don’t all teach the same subjects even if some of them have an ample idea what some other teachers teach. They belong to different departments like the Arts and Craft, Sciences and Commercial. In the same way, lawyers do different things in the court of law. One could ask, didn’t they all studied law? Yes, they did, they, however, specialize in different types of law just as medical practitioners specialize in different fields of medicine. Some of them specialize in criminal laws, others in civil law. What then differentiates the criminal lawyer from a civil lawyer? It’s quite easy to explain as you’ll see for yourself at the offices of Conoscienti & Ledbetter.
Those who are involved in cases that involve the state versus a member or members of the society are called criminal lawyers. Those who on the other hand, represent an individual member or members of the society filing a suit or suits against one another are called civil lawyers. In a broader sense, lawyers that are involved in cases of crime such as drug trafficking, rape, murder, robbery, terrorism and so many other offenses that break societal laws, endangering the lives or livelihood of other members of the society and of which they’re answerable to the state where the crimes are committed are the criminal lawyers.
The civil lawyers protect the interest of their client or clients when their disputes are brought before the law. Suits such as divorce, personal injury caused by accidents, bankruptcy, employment and intellectual property, medical and so on are the different niches civil lawyers have. The civil law is concerned with settling disputes among law-abiding citizens of the society such as husbands and wives, landlords and tenants, employers and employees, corporations and individuals. In civil law cases, penalties are not as severe as in criminal cases. Whoever, is found guilty of an accusation is mostly fined or a settlement is paid by one party to another. In general, civil lawyers carry lesser societal pressures.